Natural Features in Cabo de Gata
Location: Cabo de Gata Natural Park is located southeast of Costa Almeria, on the eastern edge of the Gulf of Almería. It spans the municipalities of Almeria, Carboneras and Níjar.
Access: This natural park is accessed by the county starting in the N-344. in the section of the Alquián Carboneras.
Their ecological importance are in their volcanic origin, semi-arid climate, marine-terrestrial character.
habitats of interest
Mediterranean steppe, coastal formation dunares, salt mines, cliffs and marine prairies of fanerógamas. Within its limits IS the Mountain range of the Cabo de Gata, the more important volcanic formation of all Iberian Peninsula, located to very few kilometers of the Almerí’a capital is located. The vegetal landscape is made up of scrubs with species like cornicabra, matagallo, aulaga morisca and palmitos, considered the only native palm in the European continent. Between its wealth is found a great community of “azufaifos”, the best one and the greatest developed surface wich occupies in Spain. in addition, It has unique sdpecies like “dragoncillo to Cabo de Gata” or the “clavelina of the Cabo”.
One of the greatest wealth of this natural space is under the sea. The marine bottoms are formed by prairies of oceanic Posidonia. In these submarine green extensions find food and shelter numerous species of crustaceans, moluscos and fish. Between these last ones, moreover, to the habitual species in Mediterranean waters like sargos, brecas, mojarras or herreras, others like cabracho exist, the sawhorse or the little king. This ecosystem is characterized by a great variety of fauna and, specially, aquatic birds.
In charcones, forming salt marshes next to the coast, thousands of flamenco limícolas, as well as gulls, ducks and herons, cigüeñuelas and patinegros chorlitejos and other species can be seen inhabitting in the slime of the salt marshes. The presence of hocicuda viper in the palmitales, volcanic rocky places, and the lark of Dupont in the coastal steppe, increases the ecological singularity of the space.
The most common vegetal species are the palmito, the lentisco, el acebuche and azufaifo, but also it is necessary to emphasize numerous endemic species, too The salt mines are partially surrounded by reeds, almajos and salicornias and in the marine strip we found extensive prairies of Posidonia seaweed. Between the fauna they emphasize alcarabán or cogujada montesina, limicolas and the species like cigùeña, avoceta, flamenco and the gull of andouin.